Boxing is a contact sport, single combat, in which athletes strike each other with their fists in special gloves. The referee controls the fight, which lasts up to 12 rounds. Victory is awarded if the opponent is knocked down and cannot rise within ten seconds (knockout) or if he is injured and does not allow the fight to continue (technical knockout). If after a set number of rounds the bout has not been stopped, the judges’ scores determine the winner.
The earliest evidence of such contests is recorded on Sumerian, Egyptian and Minoan reliefs. Tournaments for fistfights, reminiscent of boxing, took place in ancient Greece. Truly boxing became a sports martial art in 688 BC. Oe., when the fist fights were first included in the program of the ancient Olympic Games. Modern boxing originated in England at the beginning of the 18th century.
Since some countries have their own types of boxing – French boxing (a symbiosis of savata, English boxing and cane fencing) in France, Lethway in Myanmar, Muay Thai in Thailand, the term “English boxing” is sometimes used to refer to the most common boxing .
Since the main part of the boxing consists of strong blows, measures are taken to avoid injury to the hands. Most coaches do not allow their wards to participate in sparring without bandages and boxing gloves. The use of this equipment allows you to inflict stronger blows, and the possibility of injury is reduced. Before the battle begins, the boxers agree on the weight of the gloves, since the lighter option allows for more damage. To protect the teeth, gums and jaw fighters wear mouth guard.
Boxers improve skills on the two main types of pears. To work out the speed of impact, a pneumatic pear is used, and in order to increase the force of an impact – a heavy bag. Punching bag can be suspended or outdoor. The training of a boxer includes a large number of common exercises: work on a rope, jogging, strength exercises.
The helmet is used in amateur boxing, as well as by professionals during sparring in order to avoid cuts and bruises.
There are quite a few boxing styles. The style of a boxer develops over time when a boxer chooses which of the actions that suit him, the techniques and manners of combat, he will improve. There are many terms that define boxing styles. But a boxer does not have to or will belong to any of them: a boxer can be both an outfighter and an infiter (one of the most prominent examples is Bernard Hopkins), an outfighter and a puncher at the same time (one of the most vivid examples is Vladimir Klitschko). And there are so many boxers. In this article we look at the most common and well-known styles of boxing. We analyze in detail the technique and techniques of each style of boxing.
OUTFIGHTER OR CLEAN-BOXER
Outfighter (from the English out-fighter) or Pure-boxer (from the English out-boxer) is a boxing style in which the boxer fights at long range. As a rule, this is a technical boxer who perfectly knows the technique of moving on his feet. The outfighter is the opposite of the charger (boxing style at close range). Outfighteris based on easy and fast movement around the ring, striving for constant preservation and long-distance work. When the enemy attempts to close the distance and enter into a close combat, the outfighter always tries to bury long-distance and stop the enemy with counter blows. Jeb with his left hand to the head is the main weapon of the outfighter to maintain the desired distance. He strikes with his right hand only in those cases when the opponent’s defenseis opened or contains gaps. And also, strikes with his right hand – with his back hand he strengthens his defense, using it for beatings and blocking the opponent’s punches. The outfighter uses a series of hooks and uppercuts only in the most favorable conditions, when the enemy is tired or shocked by the blow. The outfighter never gives in to emotions, leads a measured, calm fight.
Tall and long-armed boxers who have a hard punch, high speed and mobility usually choose outfighter style. In a duel, the outfighter relies on movement and tactical play. A distinctive feature of the outfighter is frequent wins on points, and not early termination of the battle, although there are also opposite cases. Boxer outfighters should have a fast strike speed, excellent response and move well on their feet. A striking example of an outfighter is the “Greatest” Mohammed Ali. Also strongly pronounced outfighterswere: Jeanne Tunney, Willie Pep and Roy Jones
A boxer-puncher is a boxing style when a boxer sticks to the middle distance of a fight and, using a combination of techniques and strength, tries to knock out an opponent with a series of punches, and sometimes with a single blow. A puncher boxer is less mobile than an outfighter. Since the puncher boxer style implies a knockout victory, the puncher boxer must be perfectly physically fit and have a strong knockout punch. Bright puncher punchers, Gennady Golovkin, Anthony Joshua, Joe Louis, Mike Tyson. This term should not be confused with just a puncher, or a puncher. You might be interested in: Mike Tyson’s style and technique of boxing – Peak-a-boo – Peek-a-boo.
SWORMER OR INFAYTER
Swarmer or Infiter – boxing style in which the boxer fights at close range, striking several combinations of punches in succession, consisting of different types of punches. Infites are fast, aggressive, and fast-moving. Due to the strong impact and seriality, they pose a serious threat to their rivals. However, the swarmers risk falling under the enemy’s counter-attacks before they can reach the necessary short or medium distance and deliver their batches, so the swarmers must always be ready to withstand the attack of an opponent. Swarmers are aggressive and explosive boxers who rely on a crushing series of punches, which is why they pay less attention to technology. Their main goal is to crush and crush an opponent with one or more series of punches. Most swimmers have short stature, which gives them the opportunity to sag at the waist when defending and making biases. The distinctive qualities that swarmer should possess are the ability to hold a blow, endurance, aggressiveness, and the strength of a blow. In order to win a fight, a swarmer must deliver about 50 power strikes per round. Such endurance is not for every boxer. In battle, their temperament helps them a lot. Boxer literally explodes in the ring. Adrenaline rush at such moments is overwhelming, which opens up internal reserves in a boxer and gives strength to a powerful attack. In moments of explosive bursts, when the swarmer throws all his strength to literally hammer his opponent into the ring, his brain often turns off. He does not adequately assess, therefore, if he is boxing with an experienced rival, who is able to move well around the ring and defend himself, then the warmer risks running into a counterattack, which may be his last in this fight. And here everything depends on how well he holds the punch. Swarmer able to move rapidly around the ring, but only in the direction of an opponent, and nowhere else. As defensive methods, swamersare usually well protected by dives and slopes. Swarmer is perhaps the most unpredictable opponent. It combines power, explosive speed and the complete absence of self-preservation instincts when it smells the blood of an opponent. The best co-stars were Mike Tyson, Ruslan Guides Jack Dempsey, Henry Armstrong and Joe Fraser.
SLUGGER OR BROWLER
Slugger or Brawler – a boxer who uses mainly arc hits, such as a hook or uppercut. Slugger is sedentary and does not have good protection technique. Sluggers go ahead with the expectation of inflicting a single crushing blow that will send the opponent to the knockout. Slugger lacks good footwork. Such fighters are not very mobile, so they have difficulties when the opponent moves quickly around the ring. Sluggers rarely use single-hand punches. Sluggers’ combat style is often predictable, which makes them vulnerable to enemy counter-strikes. Slugger has stamina and good physical strength. Sluggers often become boxers aged, small and medium height, with a strong blow. In combat, a slugger uses hurricane single or double arc strokes – hooks and uppercuts. If the situation allows, the slugger keeps the faster and more technical rival at a distance of jabs. The most important qualities of the slugger are the strength and ability to withstand an opponent’s attack, while still being able to deliver a knockout blow. Inconvenient contenders for sluggers are outfighters and mobile punchers. The brightest sluggers are Max Baer, Rocky Marsciano and the late George Foreman.
COUNTER PUNCHER is a counterattacking style of boxing, built on the basis of errors and weaknesses of the enemy, on counter-counterattacks instead of a pronounced attacking initiative. The goal of the counterpuncher is to use the opponent’s attack to conduct his counterattack. The counter-pancreat style is based on good defense, the ability to escape from the opponent’s attack or repel it with further counter-attack actions. The style of counter counter requires perfect boxing skills of the boxer, reflexes and reaction, high speed and perfect boxing technique. Counterpunch is an extremely uncomfortable opponent for boxers with swammers and especially for straight-line sluggers. The counterpunch usually wins the points battle, but there are exceptions. The prominent representatives of the counter-panthers are Juan Manuel Marquez, Floyd Mayweather, Pernell Whitaker and Chris Bird.
Spoiler – a boxer, leaving the direct fight and leading the fight “second number”. A boxer boxing-style spoiler tries to spend more time in the clinches and can sometimes use dirty moves and techniques. Often, a boxer with a style spoiler has as its goal to win a fight by wearing out his opponent with an extremely unpleasant style of combat. A distinctive feature of the spoilers – passive melee with numerous clinching. The main purpose of the spoiler is to prevent the opponent from using his abilities to the full. His actions – clinches, do not allow the use of the strengths of the opponent, turning the fight into a viscous, tedious and uninteresting fight. When an opponent tries to attack, the spoiler shortens the distance, with knitting hands and blocking the opponent’s punches. That is how they win most of their fights. Ideal for the spoiler is close range and maximum contact. He needs a spoiler, like air, because his favourite technique, clinch, which can not be held at a distance. Stands, chipping and diving, followed by a sharp reduction in the distance, the most favouritemaneuvers spoiler. With these actions, they neutralize the opponent’s attacks as much as possible and make them safe. In the melee, the spoiler feels most favourably – he pushes, pinches the opponent’s hands, delivers short, dense blows. Spoiler is not trying to win the fight with a big advantage, the main thing for him is to win, win the fight at any cost. Any result of the battle, except for defeat, is acceptable to him. Spoilers are especially inconvenient to boxers of the attacking style, who prefer open power boxing with exchanging blows. Boxers choose spoiler tactics to fight in order to neutralize a stronger opponent. Representatives of this type of style are John Ruiz, Demarcus Corley, Guillermo Rigondeau, Erisland Lara, Ishe Smith, Floyd Mayweather, etc.
However, not all boxers behave like obvious spoilers in any fight. In certain cases, even reputable world champions use spoiler tactics. Spoiler tactics are not new. In 1926, Jean Tenney, in a battle with the best infighter of the world of that time, Jack Dempsey, neutralized all his melee tactics with this style and exhausted his forces. In all cases, when Dempsey succeeded in entering the close range in this battle, Tenney, who was inferior in strength, immediately put his hands on Dempsey’s hands and skillfully interlaced them, creating the position of a clinch. After the referee’s command “break!”,Tenney was again at a long distance and continued to fight in a favorable environment.
LESSER DISTRIBUTED BOXING STYLES
A left-hander boxer – a boxer whose left hand is stronger than his right, is in the right-hand stance. In this stance, it is more convenient for a left-handed person to find starting positions for delivering strong blows with his left hand, as well as a right-handed person from a left-sided stand for right-hitting strikes. On the tactical side of the battle, it is more profitable for the left-handed person to hold in relation to the enemy in the left-sided stance. The strongest left hand stretched forward with greater efficiency will clear the way to the goal with powerful jabs and hooks than the weak hand of the opponent opposed to it. The body turned to the right, the front part of which is turned away from the opponent’s strongest right hand, is reliably protected. When moving to the closest distance to develop an attack, a left-handed by changing the stance can take more comfortable starting positions for the effective use of his left hand. In close-range combat, a left-handed person can successfully fight in both frontal and right-sided stances, because here, in close contact with an opponent, the unaccustomed power of strikes coming from his left hand confuses his defense. The advantage here will always be on the side of the left-hander, who is used to always dealing with opponents of right-handers. If a left-hander, because of his insufficient ability to maneuver, prefers to hold on the opponent with the right side of his body, then he thereby limits his capabilities and the opponent’s ability to maneuver. In this position, both opponents are constantly under threat of being hit by the strongest hand, since the front parts of the head and body of both opponents remain weakly protected and on the trajectory to carry out the strike with the nearest hand. The advantage in this combat resistance is always left to the enemy, who is quicker and more decisive in the attack. If there is enough maneuvering ability, it is more profitable for a left-fighter to box in the left-sided stance. The brightest representatives of this style are VasilyLomachenko and Alexander Usik.
The Rusher is an aggressive, desperately attacking boxer who deliberates little over tactical subtleties. Such boxers are usually physically strong fighters with heavy knockout punches. The resher can hit equally hard with each hand. His goal in battle is to approach the enemy in order to inflict on him as many more powerful hooks and uppercuts as possible. Resher pays little attention to his defense, as he can easily endure the strongest blows. This is a very dangerous opponent, able to disorient the boxer with his rampant attack. The only thing you can do to break a solver is to use tactics in which he gets tired of his own attacks. A prominent representative of the Resher style is Ruslan Provodnikov.
A knockout is a boxer who in most cases wins by knockout. As a rule, all punchers are punchers. Puncher is a boxer with a one-time knockout punch. In turn, not all punchers are punchers.